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您现在的位置:首页 > 高考总复习 > 高考知识点 > 高考英语知识点 > 高考英语阅读理解专题训练[5]

高考英语阅读理解专题训练[5]

来源:网络 2009-09-03 16:21:20

[标签:高考 阅读 英语]

  (一)

  The first breath-taking pictures of the Earth taken from space showed it as a solid ball covered by brown land masses and blue-green oceans. We had never seen the Earth from that distance before. To us, it appeared as though the Earth had always looked that way and always would. Scientists now know, however, that the surface of the Earth is not as permanent as we had thought.

  Scientists explain that the surface of our planet is always moving. Continents moves about the Earth like huge ships at sea. They float on pieces of the Earth’s outer skin. New outer skin is created as melted rock pushed up from below the ocean floor. Old outer skin is destroyed as it rolls down into the hot area and melts again.

  Only since the 1960s have scientists really began to understand that the planet Earth is a great living machine. Some experts have said this new understanding is one of the most important revolutions in scientific thought. The revolution is based on the work of scientists who study the movement of the continents—a science called plate tectonics.

  The modern story of plate tectonics begins with the German scientist Alfred Wegener. Before World War One, Wegener argued that the continents had moved and were still moving. He said the idea first occurred to him when he observed that the coastlines of South America and Africa could fit together like two pieces of a puzzle. He proposed that the two continents might have been one and then split apart.

  Wegener was not the first person to wonder about the shape of the continents. About 500 years ago, explorers thought about it when they made the first maps of Americas. The explorers noted the east coast of North America and South America would fit almost exactly into the west coast of Europe and South Africa. What the explorers did not do, but Wegener did, was to investigate the idea that the continents move.

  1. What does the writer mainly tell us in the passage?

  A. The first breath-taking pictures of the Earth taken from space.

  B. Human’s recognition of the earth’s surface.

  C. The German scientist Alfred Wegener.

  D. The early explorers’ discovery.

  2. Which of the following is true according to the passage?

  A. We didn’t see the Earth from far away until we saw the picture taken in the space.

  B. Our ancient thought that the surface of the earth is still.

  C. Alfred Wegener was not the first person to investigate the idea that the continents move.

  D. The coastline of India and Africa fit together.

  3. The last word of the third paragraph “tectonics” mean “________”.

  A. study of construction

  B. study of architecture

  C. earth surface

  D. structural geology

  4. What did the explorers find?

  A. The coastlines of South America and Africa could fit together.

  B. The coastlines of North America and Africa could fit together.

  C. The east coastlines of North America and the west coast of Europe could fit together.

  D.The coastlines of North America and India could fit together.

  (二)

  Word Power

  Author(s): Kaplan  $13.95

  You’ll never be at a loss for words again. Energize your vocabulary with must-know everyday words that are the essentials of a good vocabulary, engaging lessons to help you use words in text, hot words often found on tests, tips to help you figure out new words, roots, and more.

  Grades: 8 & up  Ages: 13 & up 

  Word Smart Junior

  Author(s): Russell Stauffer  $ 17.95

  Now this is the way to add new words to your vocabulary! Word Smart Junior will make you laugh so much. You’ll be amazed that you’ve just learned more than 120 fascinating and very useful words! Parents, teachers, and friends will marvel at your eloquence (口才)!

  Grades: 3-5  Ages: 8-10

  Grammar Smart Junior

  Author(s): Marcia Reynolds  $ 16.85

  Do you quake when your teacher says, “Now it’s time for grammar”? Do your verbs agree with your subjects?

  Fear no more! A big Hollywood producer and a famous movie star will help you learn all those nasty (讨厌的) elements of grammar. You’ll be amazed at how quickly you learn, and how much fun it can be. You’ll finally know your grammar backwards and forwards, and you’ll never have to worry about it again.

  Grades: 7-9 Ages: 12-14

  Grammar Smart: An Audio Guide to Perfect Usage

  Author(s): Julian Fleisher    $ 12.68

  The words you use say a lot about you … but the way you put them together says even more. Your grammar makes an immediate and lasting impression on your teachers, and even your friends. So don’t make the mistake of thinking that grammar is too complicated. We’ve created Grammar Smart to help you write and speak with clarity and confidence.

  Grades: 6-8  Ages: 11-13 

  5. If a ten-year-old boy wants himself to be admired because of his speech ability, he may buy _______.

  A. Word Power

  B. Word Smart Junior

  C. Grammar Smart Junior

  D. Grammar Smart: An Audio Guide to Perfect Usage

  6. By saying “You’ll finally know your grammar backwards and forwards”, the writer means “________”.

  A. You will be clearly familiar with grammar

  B. You will know the history of grammar

  C. You will know the make-up of grammar

  D. You will learn about the future of grammar

  7. The four books are all about _______.

  A. fiction and mysteries

  B. parenting and teaching

  C. literature and arts

  D. language study

  【答案与解析】

  1. B 主旨大意题。根据文章第 1 段最后一句中的 however 及全文内容可知,文章主要谈论人类对地壳表面的形成的认识。故答案选 B。

  2. A 推理判断题。根据文章第 1 段的第 1、2 句可知,人们直到看到从太空对地球所拍的照片后才知道从远方看地球的情形。故答案选 A。

  3. D 词义猜测题。根据其所在的句子 who study the movement of the continents—a science called plate… 及地理常识可知答案选 D。

  4. C 事实细节题。根据文章最后一段中的 The explorers noted the east coast of North America and South America would fit almost exactly into the west coast of Europe and South Africa 及倒数第 2 段中的 the coastlines of South America and Africa could fit together like two pieces of a puzzle 可知答案应该选 C。

  5. B。根据第二栏中的“will marvel at your eloquence”可知选B。

  6. A。结合后面的“and you’ll never have to worry about it again”你再不用对语法担忧,可知表明你对语法的彻底掌握,所以选A。

  7. D。通过文章中的word、grammar等可知这些书都是关于学习语言的,所以D正确

 

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