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您现在的位置:首页 > 高考总复习 > 高考知识点 > 高考英语知识点 > 高中英语阅读理解专讲专练[七]

高中英语阅读理解专讲专练[七]

来源:网络 2009-09-03 16:42:12

[标签:阅读 英语]

  Passage A

  阅读理解

  Our children and grandchildren may not have a chance to visit many of the most famous places around the world. War, weather, age, traffic and pollution damage these famous places. Looking after these places often costs more than one country can afford. ①

  In the early 1970s, world governments decided that if they joined together, they would be able to preserve (保护) our history. If every country paid some money, they said, it would be possible to look after important historic places. Also, if they discovered that a monument needed urgent (紧急的) help, they would have money for repairs. For these reasons, countries around the world united to form the World Heritage Organization in 1972. Today, the organization helps to maintain (维护) and restore the most important places from our history.

  However, one of the biggest problems for historic places is vandalism. People sometimes enter the sites and destroy or damage the buildings. At some sites, such as Stonehenge② in England, governments have built high fences to protect the site from vandals.

  There are many different ideas about how to solve the problem of vandalism. Some experts say that if guards patrolled (巡逻) the sites, vandals would not be able to get in. Some experts say that if they fixed more television cameras, they would not need so many guards. Other experts say that the best solution is education. If people learned to respect history, they would not destroy or damage it. They would also want to spend money looking after old places. For this reason, the World Heritage Organization helps to spread information about the value of historic sites.

  根据文章内容,选择正确答案:

  1. Why did countries all over the world unite to form the World Heritage Organization?

  A. It would be able to keep our history.

  B. It would be possible to take care of important historic places.

  C. They would have money to do some repairs if a monument needed help.

  D. All of the above.

  2. Which of the following shows us the action of vandalism?

  A. People enter the sites and destroy or damage the buildings.

  B. Governments build high fences to protect the site from vandals.

  C. Guards patrolled the sites and they fixed more television cameras.

  D. They also spend money looking after old places.

  3. What's the best way to solve the biggest problem of vandalism?

  A. Every country spends more money looking after these places often.

  B. To form the World Heritage Organization.

  C. Too many guards are needed to prevent vandals getting in.

  D. To make people know information about the value of historic sites.

  难句注释

  ① Looking after these places often costs more than one country can afford.

  照看这些地方的费用通常不是一个国家能负担得起的。

  Total words:265

  Reading time:____

  Reading speed: ____

  ② Stonehenge 英国南部索尔兹伯里附近的一组史前巨石柱群,可上溯到公元前2000-1800年。

  Passage B

  阅读理解

  The kings of ancient Egypt planned strong tombs (坟墓) to keep their bodies safe after death and to hold their treasures (财宝) . The Great Pyramid was built thousands of years ago for a king called Khufu. It stands on the west bank of the Nile River not far from Cairo. In fact all the pyramids along the Nile are on its west bank. The ancient Egyptians compared the rising of the sun to the beginning of life and the setting of the sun to the end of life. This is why their dead bodies were buried (埋葬) on the west bank of the Nile.① The people of Mexico also built pyramids. They did not build the pyramids for tombs. They used to build a pyramid and then a temple on top of it. The pyramids of Mexico are not as high as the pyramids of Egypt, but they are big. Each of the pyramids has a wide stairway (阶梯) that goes from the bottom to the top.②

  More pyramids were built in the Americas than in Egypt. About 90 pyramids are known to have stood in Egypt, while several hundred small pyramids are scattered (分散) across Central and South America. The biggest pyramid in Mexico is almost 2,000 years old. Scientists think it took 10,000 men more than ten years to build it. On the top they built a temple of the sun. The temple is no longer there but people still called it the Pyramid of the Sun. Near it is another huge pyramid, the Pyramid of the Moon.

  根据文章内容,选择正确答案:

  1. In ancient Egypt pyramids were built____ .

  A. for visitors to seeB. for kings to live in

  C. as the kings? tombs D. for king Khufu

  2. All the pyramids along the Nile are on its west bank, because in ancient Egypt people thought ____.

  A. they died in the west B. the sun sets in the west

  C. the end of their lives was like the setting of the sun

  D. they would go to the west after death

  3. The pyramids in ancient Mexico were built____ .

  A. for the kingsB. for the people

  C. for wars D. for the gods

  难句注释

   ① This is why their dead bodies were buried on the west bank of the Nile.

  这就是他们的尸体葬在尼罗河西岸上的原因。

  Total words:266

  Reading time:____

  Reading speed: ____

  ② Each of the pyramids has a wide stairway that goes from the bottom to the top.

  每座金字塔都有一个从底部到顶端的宽阶梯。

  Passage C

  阅读理解

  The Taj Mahal (泰姬陵) is considered to be one of the most beautiful buildings in the world and the finest example of the late style of Indian architecture.① It is at Agra in northern India. It lies beside the River Jumna in the middle of gardens with quiet pools.

  The Taj Mahal was built by the Mogul emperor (皇帝) Shah Jehan, who ruled India in the seventeenth century. It is in memory of his favorite wife, Arjumand Banu Bagam, known as Mumtaz Mahal, who died in 1631. The building, which was completed between 1632 and 1638, was designed by a local Muslim architect (建筑师) Ustad Ahmad Lahori. The whole building, with gardens and gateway structures, was completed in 1643. The Taj Mahal stands at one end of the garden tomb with marble (大理石) path. The room is softly lighted by the light that passes through double screens of carved marble set high in the walls. The building now is kept in good condition.②

  The Taj Mahal took 22 years to build. Shah Jehan planned a similar building, but in black instead of white, to lie on the other side of the river. But before it could be built, Shah Jehan was imprisoned (监禁) by his son and buried next to his wife in the Taj Mahal.

  根据文章内容,选择正确答案:

  1. The Taj Mahal was built for____ .

  A. Mumtaz

  B. Shah

  C. Either Mumtaz or Shah

  D. Both Mumtaz and Shah

  2. Why do you think Shah Jehan was buried next to his wife?

  A. His own tomb hadn't been built.

  B. He hoped to be buried there.

  C. King and Queen should be buried together.

  D. He liked Mumtaz all his life.

  3. The passage mainly tells us____ .

  A. why the Taj Mahal was built

  B. the love story between Shah and Mumtaz

  C. some information about the Taj Mahal

  D. the Taj Mahal—the pride of Indians

  4. Form the passage we can learn that____ .

  A. the Taj Mahal looks more beautiful than before.

  B. the Taj Mahal doesn't exist now.

  C. the Taj Mahal has completely changed.

  D. the Taj Mahal has become a place of interest.

  难句注释

  ① The Taj Mahal is considered to be one of the most beautiful buildings in the world and the finest example of the late style of Indian architecture.泰姬陵被认为是世界上最美丽

  Total words:221

  Reading time:____

  Reading speed: ____

  的建筑之一,是印度建筑后期样式的最好实例。

  ② in good condition 处于良好的状况

  Passage D

  完形填空

  In the past,most American mothers were at home to take care of their children during the day. Now, 1 , many mothers are working. More than half of the American women 2 young children have 3 outside the house.

  American families solve the child care 4 in different ways. Some parents allow 5 children to stay at home alone after school. The parents 6 make sure that their children, usually not younger than 10 years old , understand 7 rules and can deal with emergencies (紧急情况).① Other parents say they would 8 allow their children to be at home alone. They usually 9 someone to take care of the 10 .

  Some parents in the U.S. find their own ways to 11 the cost of child care. They join child care 12 . Each person in the group 13 for the children of other group 14 at different times. Some parents ask local 15 , schools and social organizations to help16activities for the children .These child care choices often cost 17 or no money. Many American parents, however, still 18 with the problem of 19 good child care at a 20 price.②

  根据文章内容,选择正确答案:

  1. A. thereforeB. otherwiseC. thusD. however

  2. A. like B. as C. with D. form

  3. A. children B. jobs C. houses D. money

  4. A. problem B. question C. chance D. choice

  5. A. older B. younger C. sicker D. happier

  6. A. can B. must C. may D. ought

  7. A. dangerous B. safety C. funny D. true

  8. A. rather B. certainly C. always D. never

  9. A. tell B. stop C. pay D. invite

  10. A. house B. neighbors C. old D. children

  11. A. protect B. end C. cut D. increase

  12. A. schools B. groups C. clubs D. hospitals

  13. A. cares B. sends C. asks D. pays

  14. A. strangers B. members C. officials D. teachers

  15. A. shops B. markets C. churches D. restaurants

  16. A. have B. offer C. play D. join

  17. A. much B. little C. enoughD. a great deal

  18. A. enjoy B. discuss C. quarrel D. struggle

  19. A. taking B. finding C. losing D. suffering

  20. A. high B. low C. reasonableD. real

  难句注释

  ① The parents must make sure that their children, usually not younger than 10 years old , understand safety rules and can deal with emergencies. 父母们必须确保他们那些通常不小于10岁的小孩懂得安全规则,能够处理紧急情况下发生的事情。

  ② Many American parents, however, still struggle with the problem of finding good child care at a reasonable price. 然而许多美国父母们仍然在不懈斗争,争取用合理的价格雇佣到好的小孩看护。

  Passage A

  本文阐述了世界文化遗产所面临的危机,以及人类对这些问题所采取的补救措施。着重讲述了人类及世界文化遗产组织对故意破坏文化遗产的行为所采取的防范措施。

  1. D. 由第二段可知。

  2. A. vandalism 由下文可知是故意破坏艺术的行为。

  3. D. 由最后一段可知。

  Passage B

  本文介绍了建造古埃及金字塔与墨西哥金字塔的缘由,并对比了两地金字塔的特点。

  1. C. 根据文章第一句可知。

  2. C. 根据“The ancient Egyptians compared the rising of the sun to the beginning of life and the setting of the sun to the end of life.”得出。

  3. D. 根据“They did not build the pyramids for tombs.”,“They used to build a pyramid and then a temple on top of it.”,“On the top they built a temple of the sun.”可知在金字塔上建庙目的是敬神。

  Passage C

  泰姬陵是莫卧尔王朝第五代皇帝沙贾汗为其爱妻泰姬?玛哈尔修建的陵墓,是世界闻名的印度建筑的代表作。这是一座全部用白色大理石建成的宫殿式陵园,是一件集伊斯兰和印度建筑艺术于一体的古代经典作品。

  1. A. 根据“It is in memory of his favorite wife.”可知应选A。

  2. A. 根据该文最后一句可得出。

  3. C. 本文主要讲述有关泰姬陵的一些信息。

  4. D. 其他三项的信息文中并没有提到或涉及,用排除法可选D。

  Passage D

  本文主要讲述了现今的美国妇女有了小孩后仍然出去工作,只能花钱请人照顾孩子而由此产生的一些问题。

  1. D. however表示转折,意为“然而”。

  2. C. 有孩子的美国妇女。

  3. B. 根据前文“ many mothers are working” 得出。

  4. A. problem 常与 settle 或 solve 搭配,意为“解决问题”。

  5. A. 根据下文内容应为“年龄较大的”。

  6. B. must表示“必须”。

  7. B. safety rules 意为“安全规则”。

  8. D. 根据下文可判断这里应是否定句。

  9. C. pay sb. to do sth. 应为“花钱雇人做某事”。

  10. D. 本文讲的是照顾孩子的问题,其他三项与内容无关。

  11. C. 降低照看小孩的成本。

  12. B. 下一句有提示。

  13. A. care for意为“照顾”。

  14. B. other group members意为“其他小组成员”。

  15. C. church是一个慈善机构,可帮助照顾孩子。

  16. B. offer意为“提供”。

  17. B. 根据下文“or no money”来判断应选little。

  18. D. struggle with意为“争取解决”。

  19. B. 此空格意思上应是“找到”。

  20. C. reasonable意为“合理的”,low 意为“低的”,比较起来 reasonable 为较好答案。

  1. Near it is another huge pyramid, the Pyramid of the Moon. 在它的附近是一个巨大的金字塔,月亮金字塔。(Last line, Passage B)

  当句首为表示地点的介词短语时,常将谓语(通常是不及物动词)提至主语之前,构成倒装语序。如:

  At the factory gate stood a guard. 厂门口站着一个卫兵。

  Under the tree sit some students. 树下坐着一些学生。

  South of the river lies a small factory.河的南面有一家小工厂。

  注:注意谓语动词的数。另外,当主语是代词时,则不用倒装。如:

  Behind the desk he stood. 他站在桌子的后面。

  2. The Taj Mahal is considered to be one of the most beautiful buildings in the world. 泰姬陵被看成是世界上最美丽的建筑之一。(Line 1, Passage C)

  be considered to be “被看成……”。英语中表示“把……看成……”的表达法比较多,常见的还有:

  Titanic is regarded as his best film so far. 《泰坦尼克号》被认为是到目前为止他拍得最好的影片。

  I used to look on him as a friend. 我以前把他看作是一位朋友。

  He treated his mistake as a joke. 他把他的错误当作玩笑看待。

  I have long thought of it as the most interesting novel. 我一直认为这是一本最有趣的小说。

  He saw man as the product of society. 他把人看成是社会的产物。

 

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