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您现在的位置:首页 > 高考总复习 > 高考知识点 > 高考英语知识点 > 高中英语阅读理解专讲专练[六]

高中英语阅读理解专讲专练[六]

来源:网络 2009-09-03

[标签:阅读 英语]

  扩大视幅:

  扩大视幅是高效阅读的一种技巧,它是指在阅读过程中,我们要扩大眼睛在阅读材料上每停留一次所能感知的文字的广度。阅读的过程,实际上是一个积极思维、迅速将文字符号转换为词义的过程。一般说来,我们的视幅总长度可达到4-5厘米。所以我们在阅读过程中,要尽可能扩大视线在文章每一行的覆盖范围,将尽可能多的单词收入视线范围之内。眼睛所注视的范围越大,输入大脑的文字内容也就越多,我们的阅读速度自然也就越快。

  我们平时在阅读时,不能逐词阅读,要不断训练自己从“点读”过渡到“句读”、“段读”,让我们的识别幅度覆盖一个完整的思维单位,学会整体认读、整体理解句子意思,并要熟悉句子的结构和词语的搭配习惯,切忌读破句。

  Passage A

  阅读理解

  Different countries and different people have different manners. We must find out their customs, so that they will not think us ill?mannered. Here are some examples of the things that a well?mannered person does or does not do.

  If you visit a Chinese family you should knock at the door first. When the door opens, you'll not move before the host says “Come in, please!”. After you enter the room, you wouldn?t sit down until the host asks you to take a seat. When a cup of tea is put on a tea?table before you or sent to your hand, you?ll say “Thank you”① and receive it with your two hands, not one hand, or they'll think you are ill?mannered.

  Before entering a house in Japan, it is good manners to take off your shoes. In European countries, even though shoes sometimes become very dirty, this is not done.② In a Malay (马来西亚的) house, a guest never finishes the food on the table. He leaves a little to show that he has had enough. In England, a guest always finishes a drink or the food to show that he has enjoyed it. This will make the host, especially (尤其) the hostess pleased.

  根据文章内容,选择正确答案:

  1. In China, when the host opens the door, ____ before he says “Come in, please!”

  A. you won't leave

  B. you won't walk

  C. you won't stand in front of him

  D. you won't get in

 ?. In European countries,____ when you get into a house.

  A. you needn't take off your shoes

  B. you must take off your dirty shoes

  C. you are not allowed to wear dirty shoes

  D. you should put on clean shoes

  3. In a Malay house, a guest leaves a little food to show that ____.

  A. he has enjoyed itB. he is quite full

  C. he is not hungry at allD. he needs some drink

  难句注释

  ① When a cup of tea is put on a tea?table before you or sent to your hand, you?ll say “Thank you”. 当一杯茶摆到你面前的茶几上或递到你手里时,你要说“谢谢”。

  Total words:204

  Reading time:____

  Reading speed: ____

  ② In European countries, even though shoes sometimes become very dirty, this is not done.

  在欧洲国家,有时即使鞋子脏也不用脱下来。

  Passage B

  阅读理解

  Do you love holidays but hate the increase of weight (体重) that follows? You are not alone.

  Holidays are happy days with pleasure and delicious foods. Many people, however, are worried about the weight that comes along with these delicious foods.①

  With proper planning, though, it is possible to control your weight. The idea is to enjoy the holidays but not to eat too much. You don't have to turn away from the foods that you enjoy. The following suggestions may be of some help to you.②

  Do not miss meals. Before you leave home for a feast (宴会), have a small, low?fat snack (小吃).This may help to keep you from getting too excited before delicious foods.

  Begin with clear soup and fruit or vegetables. A large glass of water before you eat may help you feel full. Use a small plate; a large plate will encourage you to have more than enough.

  Better not have high?fat foods. Dishes that look oily or creamy have much fat in them.

  Choose lean meat (瘦肉). Fill your plate with salad and green vegetables.

  If you have a sweet tooth,③ try mints(薄荷)and fruits. They don?t have fat content (含量) as cream and chocolate.

  Don't let exercise take a break during the holidays. A 20?minute walk after a meal can help burn off extra calories (卡路里).

  根据文章内容,选择正确答案:

  1. Holidays are happy days with pleasure but they may ____.

  A. bring weight problems

  B. bring you much trouble in your life

  C. make you worried about your foods

  D. make you hate delicious foods

  2. In order to really enjoy your holidays without putting on weight, you?d better____ .

  A. drink much water and have vegetables only

  B. not eat much food in high fat

  C. not accept invitations to feasts

  D. turn away from delicious foods

  3. According to the passage, ____ is a necessary part to stop you from putting on weight.

  A. vegetables

  B. water

  C. calories of energy

  D. physical exercise

  难句注释

  ① Many people, however, are worried about the weight that comes along with these delicious foods. 然而,很多人担心体重会随着这些美味的食物而增加。

  Total words:231

  Reading time:____

  Reading speed: ____

  ② The following suggestions may be of some help to you.

  下面的建议也许对你有所帮助。

  ③ have a sweet tooth 吃甜食。

  Passage C

  阅读理解

  This year 2,300 teenagers ( young people aged from 13-19 ) from all over the world will spend about ten months in U.S. homes. They will attend U.S. schools, meet U.S. teenagers, and form impressions (印象) of the real American teenagers. American teenagers will go to other countries to learn new languages and have a new understanding of the rest of the world.

  Here is a two?way student exchange in action.① Fred, nineteen, spent last year in Germany with George's family. In return, George's son, Mike, spent a year in Fred's home in America.

  Fred, a lively young man, knew little German when he arrived, but after two months? study, the language began to come to him. School was completely different from what he had expected — much harder ②. Students rose respectfully (尊敬地) when the teacher entered the room. They took fourteen subjects instead of the six that are usual in the United States. There were almost no outside activities (活动).

  Family life, too, was different. The family's word was law, and all activities were around the family rather than the individual (个人). Fred found the food too simple at first. Also, he missed having a car.

  “Back home, you pick up some friends in a car and go out and have a good time. In Germany, you walk, but you soon learn to like it.”

  At the same time, in America, Mike, a friendly German boy, was also forming his idea. “I suppose I should criticize (批评) American schools.” he says. “It is far too easy by our level (水准). But I have to say that I like it very much. In Germany we do nothing but study. Here we take part in many outside activities. I think that maybe your schools are better in training for citizens (市民). There ought to be some middle ground between the two.③”

  根据文章内容,选择正确答案:

  1. The whole exchange program is mainly to ____.

  A. help teenagers in other countries know the real America

  B. send students in America to travel in Germany

  C. let students learn something about other countries

  D. have teenagers learn new languages

  2. What did Fred and Mike agree on?

  A. American food tasted better than German food.

  B. German schools were harder than American schools.

  C. Americans and Germans were both friendly.

  D. There were more cars on the streets in America.

  3. What is particular (特别的) in American schools?

  A. There is some middle ground between the two teaching buildings.

  B. There are a lot of after?school activities.

  C. Students usually take 14 subjects in all.

  D. Students go outside to enjoy themselves in a car.

  4. What did Mike think after experiencing the American school life?

  A. A better education should include something good from both America and Germany.

  B. German schools trained students to be better citizens. C. American schools were not as good as German schools.

  D. The easy life in the American school was more helpful to students.

  难句注释

  ① Here is a two?way student exchange in action.

  这里就有一个正在运作的两地学生互派活动。

  in action 意为“在运转;在操作;在某项活动中”。

  Total words:318

  Reading time:____

  Reading speed: ____

  ② School was completely different from what he had expected—much harder.

  学校完全不同于他原本料想的那样,要辛苦得多。

  ③ There ought to be some middle ground between the two.

  在两国学校之间应该要平均一下。

  Passage D

  完形填空

  I spent two months with an American family last year when I studied in America.

  It is said, “The best house is in America, the best wife is in Japan, and the best food is in China.” So I took pride (自豪) and 1 to 2 “the best food” for my American family. Each day, regardless of my poor skill of cooking,① I would do something in 3 way: changing the dishes? colour, the meat?s type or the soup?s style (风味). Thus, my American friends could discover the 4 of eating Chinese food. Because of my “ 5 ” job, I was often rewarded(奖励)by their 6 of appreciation(感激)such as “very delicious”,“excellent”, etc.

  But the joke was here: yesterday, I cooked Sichuan?style 7 for dinner. I was 8 at my achievement (成就).

  When all the family members arrived at the table, they first looked 9 at the fish, then looked at me. “Why do all the fish have their10 ?” they asked,“It?s terrible!”

  Terrible or beautiful?I don't know. But I 11 know that fish heads are delicious. The 12 is the best part of fish; in 13 only the respectable(受敬重的)guest can have the special honour of 14 it.

  Another 15 thing is: the American friends often said to me“ 16 ”as they 17 fruits or other things. According to Chinese tradition I would simply smile in answer to their kindness② 18 actually helping myself to any of the food. 19 , I said “help yourself” to them whenever I brought home fruits. Dear me, no matter how much or how often I brought home food, as long as it was nice to their taste, they 20 hesitated (犹豫)to use their hands to “help themselves” until all was finished.

  根据文章内容,选择正确答案:

  1. A. worryB. attentionC. delightD. pleasure

  2. A. buy B. fetch C. cook D. leave

  3. A. their B. a new C. the sameD. a simple

  4. A. way B. joy C. trouble D. importance

  5. A. hard B. daily C. good D. new

  6. A. expressions B. flowers C. talk D. smile

  7. A. meat B. fish C. soup D. egg

  8. A. praised B. pleased C. good D. surprised

  9. A. happily B. excitedly

  C. surprisedlyD. worriedly

  10. A. bones B. skins C. tails D. heads

  11. A. do B. will C. want toD. should

  12. A. tail B. head C. soup D. flesh

  13. A. fact B. China C. USA D. the West

  14. A. enjoying B. looking at

  C. playing withD. cooking

  15. A. real B. exciting C. interestingD. easy

  16. A. please help us B. excuse me

  C. help yourself D. eat them please

  17. A. brought home B. wanted

  C. were buying D. were eating

  18. A. not B. but not C. withoutD. nor

  19. A. At last B. Above all

  C. After allD. In return

  20. A. usual B. often C. never D. had

  难句注释

  ①regardless of my poor skill of cooking

  不顾我差劲的厨艺。

  ②According to Chinese tradition I would simply smile in answer to their kindness.

  根据中国的传统,我只是对他们的好意报以微笑。

  in answer (to sth.)意为“ 作为回应”。

  Passage A

  本文主要讲述了不同的国家有不同的礼仪,并通过几个例子来说明这一点。

  1. D. 从文章第二段第二句话可以得出答案。

  2. A. 从最后一段 “In European countries, even though shoes sometimes become very dirty, this is not done.”可以得出答案。

  3. B. 文中提到在马来西亚“He leaves a little to show that he has had enough.”。

  Passage B

  人们喜欢假日美食,但又怕发胖。本文提出了一些既能享受美食又不会增重的建议。

  1.A.从文章第一、二两段可以得知假日会带来体重增加的问题。

  2.B.不要吃高脂肪食品。

  3. D. 文章最后一段提到了锻炼是不能缺少的。take a break意为“停歇”。

  Passage C

  本文主要介绍了国与国之间的青少年互派交流活动,并讲述了来自美国和德国的两个学生到对方国度的学习和生活情况,反映了两国之间在学校、家庭生活上的差异。

  1. C. 本题考查交流项目的目的,其他三个选项比较片面。

  2. B. 注意是双方都同意。agree on 意为“在……取得一致”。

  3. B. 从文章最后一段Mike认为在美国“Here we take part in many outside activities.”可知。

  4. A. 其他三项比较片面,而且最后一段Mike认为“There ought to be some middle ground between the two.”。

  Passage D

  本文主要描述了“我”在国外经常做中国菜给外国主人吃,虽然厨艺不精,但还是常受到他们的称赞。另外还举了两个例子体现了中西文化的差异。

  1.D.在国外做中国菜,显然是感到自豪和高兴。

  2.C.从接下来的文字中可以得知是烹饪而不是其他动词。

  3.B.从下文中可以看出“我”是以一种新的方式来做菜。

  4. B. 根据上下文,外国人吃“我”做的菜应该是感到有乐趣的。take delight in doing sth.意为“乐于做……”

  5. C. 从下文得知外国人喜欢吃“我”做的菜,那“我”的菜应该是好吃的。

  6. A. 下文提到了比如“very delicious”,“excellent”,很明显是表达的意思。

  7.B.从下文可以得知是鱼,而不是其他食品。

  8.B.“我”自然对自己的作品是满意的。

  9.C.根据下文外国朋友的疑问和惊讶的语气可以选出答案来。

  10. D. 前后照应,下文提到了“fish heads are delicious”。

  11.A.这里是加强语气,意为“我”的确知道。

  12.B.根据上下文可以得出答案。

  13.B.因为“我”是中国人,很明显了解中国的习俗。

  14.A.在中国只有受敬重的人才有享用它的荣幸。

  15.C.最后一段讲的是另外一件表现中美文化习惯上的差异的事,应该是有趣的事。

  16.C.根据平时的口语表达可以得出答案。

  17.A.根据上下文得知是买回来后让“我”随便吃。

  18.C.中国的习俗是嘴上可能会说吃,而实际上并不会真的去吃。

  19. D. At last“最后”,Above all“最重要的是”, After all“毕竟”, In return“作为回报”。

  20. C. 文章最后提到“until all was finished”,很明显他们是从不犹豫。

  1. This may help to keep you from getting too excited before delicious foods. 这也许有助于防止你在美食面前太过兴奋。(Line 9, Passage B)

  要表达“使某人不能做某事”,可用keep sb. from doing sth. ,prevent sb. from doing sth. 或stop sb. from doing sth. 等结构。如:

  The church bells keep me from sleeping. 教堂的钟声吵得我睡不着觉。

  They stopped me (from) going out of the door. 他们阻止我出门。

  What prevented you (from) joining us last night?

  昨天晚上什么事使你不能参加我们的晚会?

  注意这三个词组中keep sb. from doing sth.中的from不能省,因为keep sb. doing sth. 意为“让某人一直做某事”。

  2. It is far too easy by our level. (Line 20, Passage C)

  该句中的far 是程度副词,“很;极;大大地”的意思,修饰形容词、副词及其比较级、最高级。

  This room is far too warm. 这个房间极热。

  She speaks English far better than I. 她英语说得远比我好。

  My work is far from finished. 我的工作还远没有结束。

  句中的by 表基准,可译为“根据……;按照……”。如:

  You must play by the rules. 你们必须按照规则来比赛。

  I can see by the expression on your face that you are in trouble.

  从你的表情,我可以看得出你有了麻烦。

 

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