爱智康刘珊珊老师：写作基础训练--必备必会句型 主语 1. It is said that more students will have the chance to get to college this year. 2. It is clear/obvious/apparent that knowledge plays an important role in our life. 3. It is necessary/important/essential/ proper/ urgent that we (should) close the gap between the rural and urban area. 4. It is a must that everybody should know how to use computers. 5. It is no good talking without thinking carefully. 6. It is ten years since I graduated from this school. 7. It will be years before we know whether this medicine is effective to cancer. 8. It was not until the small factories were shut down that the river became clean again. 9. It took us quite some time to collect useful information from internet. 10. It's time that we did something to protect the environment. 11. What surprised him most was that he found his hometown had greatly changed. 宾语 12. I find it necessary to take down notes while listening. 13. They believe that it's their duty to help the people in need. 表语 14. This is because the surface of the earth is not flat but round. 15. That is why I am late for school. 定语 16. It was midnight when his father arrived home after work. 17. As is known to all, the 29th Olympic Games was held in Beijing in 2008. 18. The reason why I was late was that I was caught in the traffic jam this morning. 状语 19. He was saving as much as possible in order to pay for his fresh year in the university. 20. She took some books with her in order that she would not get bored during the long journey. 21. He is so selfish that nobody wants to work with him. 22. He shut the window with such force that the glass broke. 23. We were too moved to say a word when we received the unexpected gifts from our parents. 24. I didn't know the truth until she told me what happened. 25. He talks a lot as if he knew everything. 26. I was about to go out when the telephone rang. 27. He was on his way to a lecture, when a tourist stopped him and asked him for directions. 28. Some people waste food, while others haven't enough. 29. He was so tired that he fell asleep with his shoes on. 30. No matter what problem he faces, he always thinks about others first. 31. However hard he tries, he never seems able to do the work well. 32. The more we practice, the better we get at listening to speech in a foreign language. 33. It is a good idea to start a part-time job so long as it doesn't affect your studies. 34. The moment he reached the country, he started his search. 35. By 1820 the population of New York had grown to about 125,000, making it the largest city in USA. 常用短语 1. You'd better take a raincoat with you otherwise you may be caught in the rain. 2. He would rather listen to others than talk himself. 3. He prefers to make speeches after careful preparation. 4. Tom prefers to stay up late to finish the work rather than leave it done the next day. 5. Forests can not only fresh the air but also reduce noises. 6. You could either buy an MP3 or go to Yunnan for a visit if you pass the exam. 7. Neither he nor I know what happened to the old man. 8. Football, as well as computer games, is popular with young people. 9. Apart from the literature books, there are quite a few magazines in our library as well. 10. I got two CDs yesterday. One is of Taylor Swift, the other is of Rihanna. 11. There will be many foreigners living in our school during the Olympic Games. Some of them will be from Europe, while others will come from America or Asia. 12. What we do will make the world more beautiful. 13. He seemed to have known all about it. 14. In the library, I came across the very book I was looking for. 15. To her surprise, she got a bunch of flowers as a present on her birthday. 16. I had a roll of film developed last week. 17. Thanks to our efforts, everything is going smoothly. (Due to/Owing to) 18. I'm sure it's not what he intended to do. 19. But for the rain, we should have had a pleasant journey. 20. Look! There is a man drowning in the river. 21. There is a novel written by Lu Xun on the table. 22. Xiao Li asked me if there was going to be a lecture about British Literature given by Dr. Lee on Sunday afternoon. 23. You can see a new library where there used to be a pool. 24. There is no doubt that we can swim across the river. (We cannot deny that…=There is no denying that….) 25. Sports and games are of great value. 26. With the increase/growth of the population/With the advance of science and technology, 27. In the age of information and communication, mobile phones are playing an important role in our daily life.
爱智康刘珊珊老师：(1) It is with the greatest pleasure that I write to cordially invite you to …. (2) It gives me the greatest pleasure to invite you to …… (3) We should be very grateful if you could ….
爱智康刘珊珊老师：体会一下这些同义句在表达上的区别 1. Because the weather was good，our journey was comfortable. Thanks tothe good weather，our journey was comfortable. 2.We all think he is a great man. We all think highly of him. 3.Suddenly I thought out a good idea. A good idea occurred tome./ A good idea suddenlystruckme. 4.The students there needn't pay for their books. Books are free for the students there. 5.As a result the plan was a failure. The planturned out to be a failure. 6.When he arrives，please give me an e-mail. On his arriving，please give me an e-mail. 7.To his surprise，the little girl knows so many things. What surprises him is that the little girl knows so many things. 8.Though I'm weak，I'll make the effort. Weak as I am，I'll make the effort. 9.He did not know what had happened until he had read the news in the newspaper.（用强调句型替换） It was not until he had read the news in the newspaper that he knew what had happened. 10.I passed the physics exam because of your help.（用虚拟语气） I couldn't have passed the physics exam but for your help.
爱智康刘珊珊老师：添加修饰语，比如定语、不同类型的状语或同位语。比如：Last Sunday, I went to the park.这个及其基础的简单句，可以通过添加不同类型的状语变成后面这个句子： On the morning of last Sunday, I, together with several friends, paid a visit to the People's Park by bike, talking and laugh all the way.
爱智康刘珊珊老师：是的。看的背的都不是自己的，只要自己把思考和行动结合起来，能够准确运用才是自己的。I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand.
问题9：老师 开头和结尾 特别是结尾 该怎么收能得高分？
爱智康刘珊珊老师：一、开头用语： 良好的开端等于成功的一半．在写作文时，通常以最简单也最常用的方式---开门见山法。也就是说, 直截了当地提出你对这个问题的看法或要求，点出文章的中心思想。 1. 议论论文： A. Just as every coin has two sides, cars have both advantages and disadvantages． B. Compared to/ In comparison with letters, e-mails are more convenient. C. When it comes to computers, some people think they have brought us a lot of convenience. However,... D. Opinions are divided on the advantages and disadvantages of living in the city and in the countryside. E. As is known to all/ As we all know, computers have played an important role/part in our daily life. F. Why do you go to university? Different people have different points of view. 2. 书信： A. I am writing to you to apply for admission to your university as a visiting scholar. B. I read an advertisement in today's China Daily and I apply for the job... C. Thank you for your letter of May 5. D. How happy I am to receive your letter of January 9. E. How nice to hear from you again. 3. 口头通知或介绍情况： A. Ladies and gentlemen, May I have your attention, please. I have an announcement to make. B. Attention, please. I have something important to tell you. C. Mr. Green, Welcome to our school. To begin with, let me introduce Mr. Wang to you. 4. 演讲稿： A. Ladies and gentlemen, I feel very much honored to have a chance here to make a speech on the subject -- A B alance Diet and Health. B. Good morning everyone! Allow me, first of all, on behalf of all present here, to extend our warm welcome and cordial greeting to our distinguished guest. 二、总结用语： in short; briefly/ in brief ; generally speaking, in a word, as you know, as is known to all A. Generally speaking, sending an e-mail is more convenient than sending letters. B. In short, measures must be taken to prevent the environment being polluted. 记叙文结尾，一般需要抒情或议论作为升华，可以用强调句或倒装句这样的特殊句式。The experience is meant to stay fresh in my mind, reminding me that not only should I always be grateful to others for their kind act, but I am also supposed to do my own bit to make contributions to our school.应用文结尾常有固定模板，按照文体类型积累一些。比如邀请函结尾：We should be very pleased if you could honor us with your company.感谢信结尾：Again, allow me to express our sincere appreciation to your work. 道歉信结尾： Anyhow, I sincerely hope that you can accept my apology and understand it. I would appreciate your allowing me to making another appointment with you. Once again, I'm sorry for any inconvenience caused.
问题11：老师，为什么clean前面不要加to？平行结构不是要一致吗？还有，in the front of与in front of的区别是什么？什么时候可以互换，什么时候不可以？分别用于什么情况?
爱智康刘珊珊老师：此处为两个不定式to reduce the industrial pollution和to clean the water的并列，并列不定式第二个to可以省略。顺便补充一下不定式省略to的其他情况：一、使役动词后省略to。在let, make, have等使役动词后用作宾语补足语的不定式必须省略to。二、感官动词后省略to。"五看两听一感觉" see, look at, watch, observe, notice, listen to, hear, feel后用作宾语补足语的不定式必须省略to。三、动词help后省略to。help sb. （to）do，此时to可省可不省。以上三种动词用于被动时，to要还原。四、why (not)"后省略to。在why (not)"?之后的不定式不能带to。如：Why （not）go with him? 六、介词except / but后省略to用作介词except, but宾语的不定式有时带to，有时不带to。其大致原则是：若其前出现了动词 do的任意形式，其后的不定式通常不带 to；若其前没有出现动词 do，则其后的不定式通常带 to。七、主语带do表语省略to。当主语部分有动词do的某种形式 时，用作表语的不定式可以省略to。如：All you do now is (to) complete the form.in front of译为：在……前面,指相对位置（即甲在乙前面） 例：Mr.Lee sits in front of me. in the front of 译为：在……（中的）前部,指内部位置（即甲在某地内部的前面） 例：Mr.Lee sits in the front of the lecture hall. 基本上不互换。
爱智康刘珊珊老师：when之后加的是非谓语动词，doing现在分词表示主动、进行。主动是指逻辑主语I（非谓语动词做状语时，逻辑主语即句子主语。此题即是。）与该动词arrive之间为主动关系，进行是指与句中的谓语动词saw同时发生。如果你用arrived，那就是过去分词，表达的意思是被动、完成，不合逻辑。其实when arriving there=when I arrived there。你所说的它是过去时，得是在有主语的完整句子中。
问题14：老师 我的卷面不是太好 这个很影响作文吗？